THE LIGHT PASSER
Chagall Museum in Nice

Discover an exhibition entirely dedicated to the stained glass creations of Marc Chagall.
The Museum retraces the 30 years devoted by the artist to the art of stained glass: The Passenger of Light.
You will learn about the process of creating stained glass through his work;
The Chagall Museum presents a chronology of the artist's works: 30 years of creation, including 15 buildings in France and around the world.

The creation of a stained glass window through Chagall

The museum shows you the manufacturing process leading to the creation of a stained glass window.
This process is very complex. You go from the model drawn on paper to a material with very different properties: glass.
The museum exhibits the artist's drawn models, the manufacturing tools, and his master glassmaker.

Quote from Marc Chagall

"For me, a stained glass window represents the transparent partition between my heart and the heart of the world. Stained glass is exciting, it needs gravity, passion. It must live through the light it perceives. Marc Chagall

The Museum presents its preparatory drawings

Before arriving at a definitive model, Marc Chagall made numerous preparatory drawings using a variety of techniques: pencil or ink drawings, research into colours using gouache or watercolour or collages...

Master glassmaker with the artist

Marc Chagall with the artist Brigitte Simon and her husband Marq

The creation of the cardboard of its Master glassmaker

In order to be able to work to the exact scale of the architecture, the master glassmaker creates the cardboard.

This is an enlargement of the life-size model on which he places a layer. This layer allows Chagall to draw the lead paths. The information on the colour numbers and shades is also indicated.

The Master Glassmaker's Palette

Event expo to do

The glassmakers' colour palette

The Simon-Marq workshop in Reims became famous for its study and restoration of the stained glass windows in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Reims. Chagall discovers their competence and wishes to work with them.

The Museum presents the two trusted friends and master glassmakers of the artist Brigitte Simon and Charles Marq. The latter was the first curator of the Chagall Museum in Nice.

Lead sealing

Once the coloured glass has been chosen, it must be cut, crimped and stiffened.

The Museum presents the glassmaker's tools for cutting the glass and putting it into lead Triple-blade scissors: used to cut the cardboard template by eliminating the width of the lead core

  • Glass cutting wheel: used to cut the glass according to the template
  • Breaking pliers: used to break off the cut glass
  • Notching pliers: used to refine the shape of the workpiece
  • Lead knife: used to cut lead paths
  • Lead flap: used to flatten lead paths before soldering
  • Lead hammer: used to set stained glass panels in place
Manufacture of stained glass

The tools of the workshop Master glassmaker Simon Marq

The finishing touch

It consisted of a multitude of highlights of grisaille or golden yellow that Chagall applied to the stained glass to shade the colour.

In turn, stained glass allowed him to transcend the material limitations of painting by inscribing the changing reflections of light as an intrinsic component of the work.

The works presented in the exhibition

The Museum presents a selection of works by the artist such as :

  • preparatory drawings,
  • ceramic models,
  • oil on linen canvas,
  • graphite and Indian ink on paper
  • watercolour
  • coloured and grisaille painted veneer glass
  • stained glass test
  • final model for the stained glass windows ...
Exhibition to be done on nice

Marc Chagall in collaboration with Charles Marq, La Rose bleue, 1964. Second
state of the rose window in the ambulatory of Metz Cathedral. Cnap deposit at
Musée national Marc Chagall, Nice.
Photo: © RMN-Grand Palais / Adrien Didierjean ©Adagp, Paris, 2021.

The latter allowed the creation of stained glass windows in these 15 buildings:

Stained glass windows of religious architecture The baptistery of the church

  1. Notre-Dame-de-Toute-Grâce, Le Plateau-d'Assy 1956-1957
  2. Saint Peter's Abbey, Moissac 1962
  3. Hadassah Hospital Synagogue, Jerusalem 1960-1962
  4. Saint-Etienne's Cathedral, Metz 1958-1968
  5. Reims Cathedral 1973-1974
  6. Holy Trinity Cathedral, Chichester 1978
  7. All Saints' Church, Tudeley 1967-1974-1978
  8. Pocantico Hills, Union Church 1963-1966

Stained glass windows, symbols of peace

  1. Fraumünster Church, Zurich 1969-1978
  2. St. Stephen's Church in Mainz 1977-1984
  3. The Chapel of the Cordeliers, Sarrebourg 1976-1978
  4. The United Nations, New York 1963-1964
  5. Museum windows The Art Institute of Chicago 1976-1977
  6. Chapelle du Saillant, Voutezac 1978-1979, 1982
  7. The National Museum Biblical Message Marc Chagall, Nice 1971-1972

The Nice exhibition will feature two exceptional pieces held in the Marc Chagall National Museum:

  • the model of the Rose for Metz Cathedral
  • the stained glass windows of The Creation of the World, designed for the museum's concert hall.

In this exceptional place, visitors will have the privilege of discovering the stained glass windows illuminated with a thousand lights in the morning and then returning in the evening to be carried away by the music in the concert hall.

The Chagall Museum in Nice

Modern building of the Marc Chagall Museum

View from the sky of the Marc Chagall Museum in Nice

The Marc Chagall National Museum, created during the artist's lifetime, houses the masterly cycle of the Biblical Message.
It bears witness to the great diversity of the painter's artistic practices.
Paintings, drawings, prints, sculptures, ceramics, as well as stained glass, tapestry and mosaics, make up a unique body of work in which technical virtuosity, colourful inventions and a universal message of peace are combined.
Find out more about the Marc Chagall Museum >

Opening hours

Open every day except Tuesdays, 1 January, 1 May and 25 December.
from 1 May to 31 October:
from 10am to 6pm
from 1 November to 30 April:
from 10am to 5pm

End of year period
The museum closes exceptionally at 4pm, instead of 5pm, on 24 and 31 December, the eve of the Christmas holidays.

Marc Chagall Museum in Nice

Terrace of the refreshment bar

Prices of the Chagall Museum

Prices during the exhibitions:
Full price: 10 €
Reduced price: 8 €
Groups (from 10 people): 8.50 €

Prices outside the exhibition period:
Full price: 8 €
Reduced price: 6 €
Groups (10 people or more): 6.50 €

Free of charge:
- for under-26s (members of the European Union)
- disabled people (MDPH or Cotorep card)
- teachers (current education pass)
- beneficiaries of certain social minima
- for all, on the first Sunday of the month.